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  • Foss McCarthy posted an update 1 year, 2 months ago

    The need for automation and robots in all manufacturing industries is increasing. Industrial robots have replaced humans within a wide range of industries. Robots out perform humans in jobs that need precision, speed, endurance and reliability. Robots safely perform dirty and dangerous jobs. Traditional manufacturing robotic applications include material handling (pick and set), assembling, painting, welding, packaging, palletizing, product inspection and testing. Industrial robots are employed in the diverse selection of industries including automotive, electronics, medical, food production, biotech, pharmaceutical and machinery.

    The ISO concept of a manipulating industrial robot is "an automatically controlled, reprogrammable, multipurpose manipulator". Based on the definition it could be fixed in place or mobile to use in industrial automation applications. These industrial robots are programmable in a variety of axes. They are multi-functional devices that can be custom-built and programmed to carry out a various operations.

    The main benefits of industrial robots is they can be developed to suit industry specific requirements and will work continuously for many years, consistently meeting high manufacturing quality standards. The cost-effective life time of an industrial robot is roughly 12-16 years. Because of the persistent accuracy industrial robots have grown to be an indispensable a part of manufacturing.

    Industrial robots are categorized into different categories based on their mechanical structure. The main kinds of industrial robots are:

    Gantry (Cartesian) Robot: They may be stationary robots having three elements of motion. They work from an overhead grid with a rectangular work envelope. These are mainly used to perform ‘pick and place’ actions. Gantry robots have their axes over the work which makes them also ideal for dispensing applications.

    SCARA Robots: (Selectively Compliant Articulated Robot Arm) These robots have 4 axes of motion. They move within an x-y-z coordinated circular work envelope. You can use them for factory automation requiring pick and set work, application and assembly operations and handling machine tools.

    Articulated robots: An articulated robot has rotary joints. It could have from two to ten or even more interactive joints. Articulated robots are very well worthy of welding, painting and assembly.

    Basic industrial robot designs could be customized by building different peripherals. End effectors, optical systems, and motion controllers are essential add-ons. End effectors would be the end-of-arm-tooling (EOAT) mounted on robotic arms. Grippers or wrenches which are utilized to move or assemble parts are examples of end effectors. End effectors were created and used to sense and connect to the external environment. The end effectors’ design is determined by the approval requirements in the specific industry. Machine Vision systems are robotic optical systems. They are built-on digital input/output devices and computer networks utilized to control other manufacturing equipment such as robotic arms. Machine vision can be used for your inspection of manufactured goods including semiconductor chips. Motion controllers are utilized to move robots and position stages smoothly and accurately with sub-micron repeatability.

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